BUDDHIST THOUGHT & PRACTICE
THE FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS
first truth is the existence of suffering. Birth, old age, sickness, and death
are suffering. Sadness, anger, jealousy, worry, anxiety, fear, and
despair are suffering. Separation from loved ones is suffering. Desire, attachment, and
clinging to the five aggregates are suffering.
- The second truth is the cause of suffering. Because of
ignorance, people cannot see the truth about life, and they become
caught in the flames of desire, anger, jealousy, grief, worry, fear, and
- The third truth is the cessation of suffering.
Understanding the truth of life brings about the cessation of grief and sorrow and gives rise to peace and joy.
- The fourth truth is the path which leads to the cessation
of suffering. It is the Noble Eightfold Path, which is nourished by living mindfully.
Mindfulness leads to concentration and understanding which liberates you
from every pain and sorrow and leads to peace and joy.
THE NOBLE EIGHTFOLD PATH
1. Right view
2. Right intention
3. Right speech
4. Right action
5. Right livelihood
6. Right effort
7. Right mindfulness
8. Right concentration
THE FIVE AGGREGATES
The Buddhist sutras describe five aggregates:
- "form" or "matter": external and internal matter. Externally, the physical world. Internally, the material body and the physical sense organs.
- "sensation" or "feeling": sensing an object as either pleasant or unpleasant or neutral.
- "perception", "conception", "apperception", "cognition", or "discrimination"
- "mental formations", "impulses": all types of mental habits, thoughts, ideas, opinions, prejudices, compulsions, and decisions triggered by an object.
- "consciousness" or "discernment".